Cancer - A Deadly Disease
By Brenda Williams
This is one of the deadliest diseases in the country and
occurs when there is uncontrolled cell growth in the
tissues of the lung or lungs. The growth, even though it
might begin in the lungs, can move to other organs
within the body. This is known as metastasis. Metastasis
is the invasion of adjacent tissue and infiltration.
Lung cancer is the most common cause of cancer related
death in men and the second most in women. It is
responsible for 1.3 million deaths worldwide annually.
How do you know if you should be tested for lung cancer
Some symptoms include shortness of breath, coughing up
blood, and massive amounts of weight loss.
Most lung cancer patients are treated with chemotherapy
but some are able to be treated through surgical
procedures. There are two types of lung cancer. They are
small cell lung carcinoma and non-small cell carcinoma.
The latter is treated with surgery. The most known
common cause of lung cancer is the most obvious cause;
extended exposure to tobacco smoke. There is an
occurrence of lung cancer in non-smokers. The causes are
genetics, radon gas, asbestos, air pollution and
Lung cancer can be seen with a chest x-ray or a CT scan
and is confirmed by having a biopsy. Lung cancer is so
deadly that the five year survival rate with treatment
is only 14 percent. Other symptoms of lung cancer are
the loss of an appetite, chest pain, a hoarse voice,
difficulty swallowing, wheezing, clubbing of the
fingernails. Many sufferers of lung cancer have an
obstruction of their airflow, causing breathing
problems, and in turn helping pneumonia develop. The
pneumonia develops from an accumulation of secretions
around the blockage.
Close to 90 percent of all lung cancer related deaths
are caused by smoking across the globe. That number is
trimmed, ever so slightly, to 87 percent of deaths in
the United States. How do you prevent lung cancer? The
most obvious answer is to avoid the habit of smoking
during a lifetime and to stay away from becoming a
victim of second-hand smoke as much as possible.
Most lung cancers, if localized, can be surgically
removed. If the tumor is localized it means that it has
yet to spread to other tissues within the body and other
organs within the body. If the cancer has spread,
surgery to cure the problem is almost out of the
question, and the doctor will more than likely recommend
Just a bit of history regarding the disease. The first
successful pneumonectomy to cure lung cancer was carried
out in 1933 and radiotherapy has been used to cure lung
cancer sine the early 1940's. Successful chemotherapy
treatments were invented in the decade of the 1970's.
Lung cancer can be avoided by making smart life
decisions like not smoking, avoiding heavy second-hand
smoke and eating healthy. If you suffer from any of the
symptoms mentioned above consult a physician
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